THE 12 IMAMS (AS) ARE MENTIONED BY NAME IN ISLAMIC HADITH BOOKS
In the Name of God, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.
The great Proof that the Leadership after the Prophet (saw) belongs to the Ahlulbayt (as) and the twelve leaders / caliphs / imams (as) of the Ahlulbayt (as)
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمُنْذِرِ، – كُوفِيٌّ – حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ فُضَيْلٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، عَنْ عَطِيَّةَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، وَالأَعْمَشُ، عَنْ حَبِيبِ بْنِ أَبِي ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ، رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالاَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم “ إِنِّي تَارِكٌ فِيكُمْ مَا إِنْ تَمَسَّكْتُمْ بِهِ لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدِي أَحَدُهُمَا أَعْظَمُ مِنَ الآخَرِ كِتَابُ اللَّهِ حَبْلٌ مَمْدُودٌ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ إِلَى الأَرْضِ وَعِتْرَتِي أَهْلُ بَيْتِي وَلَنْ يَتَفَرَّقَا حَتَّى يَرِدَا عَلَىَّ الْحَوْضَ فَانْظُرُوا كَيْفَ تَخْلُفُونِي فِيهِمَا ” . قَالَ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ .
Narrated Zaid bin Arqam, may Allah be pleased with both of them: that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:”Indeed, I am leaving among you, that which if you hold fast to them, you shall not be misguided after me. One of them is greater than the other: The Book of Allah is a rope extended from the sky to the earth, and my progeny, the members of my Ahlulbayt. and they shall not split until they meet at the Hawd, so look at how you deal with them after me.”
Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)
[Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Book 49, Hadith 4157]
عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” يَكُونُ مِنْ بَعْدِي اثْنَا عَشَرَ أَمِيرًا ” . قَالَ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ بِشَيْءٍ لَمْ أَفْهَمْهُ فَسَأَلْتُ الَّذِي يَلِينِي فَقَالَ قَالَ ” كُلُّهُمْ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ ”
Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The Mahdi will be of my family, of the descendants of Fatimah. Abdullah ibn Ja’far said: I heard AbulMalih praising Ali ibn Nufayl and describing his good qualities.
Grade : Sahih (Al-Albani)
[Sunan Abi Dawud 4284]
The designation of the 12 Imams (as) by the Holy Prophet (saw) in Sunni hadith books
The Great Hanafi Scholar Al-Qunduzi
Al-Qunduzi Al-Hanafi, a great Hanafi scholars, has recorded in his book Yanabi’ul Mawada, volume 3, page 398-399 :
وفي المناقب: حدثنا أصحابنا وقالوا: حدثنا محمد بن همام، قال: حدثنا جعفر ابن محمد بن مالك الفزاري، قال: حدثني الحسين بن محمد بن سماعة قال: حدثني أحمد بن الحارث، قال: حدثني المفضل بن عمر، عن يونس بن ظبيان، عن جابر بن يزيد الجعفي قال: سمعت جابر بن عبد الله الأنصاري يقول: قال لي رسول الله (ص): يا جابر إن أوصيائي وأئمة المسلمين من بعدي أولهم علي، ثم الحسن، ثم الحسين، ثم علي بن الحسين، ثم محمد بن علي المعروف بالباقر ستدركه يا جابر فإذا لقيته فاقرأه مني السلام، ثم جعفر بن محمد، ثم موسى بن جعفر، ثم علي بن موسى، ثم محمد بن علي، ثم علي بن محمد، ثم الحسن بن علي، ثم القائم اسمه اسمي وكنيته كنيتي محمد بن الحسن بن علي. ذاك الذي يفتح الله – تبارك وتعالى – على يديه مشارق الأرض ومغاربها، ذاك الذي يغيب عن أوليائه غيبة لا يثبت على القول بإمامته إلا من امتحن الله قلبه للايمان.
..Jabir Ibn Abdullah al Ansari said : the Messenger of God said (saw) said to me : ‘ O’ Jabir, indeed, the guardians (of Islam) and the Imams of the Muslims after me are : the first of my successors is Ali, then after him is Al-Hassan, then Al -Hussain, then Ali Ibn Al-Hussain (Al-Sajjad), then Muhammad Ibn Ali (Al-Baqir) who is better known as Al-Baqir, you will recognize him O’ Jabir, then, if you meet you, send my greetings to him from me, then Ja’far Ibn Muhammad (As-Sadiq), then Musa Ibn Ja’far (Al-Kadhim), then Ali Ibn Musa (Ar-Ridha), then Muhammad Ibn Ali (Al-Jawad), then Ali Ibn Muhammad (Al-Hadi), then Hassan Ibn Ali (Al-Askari), then it is Al-Qa’im (Al-Mahdi). His name is my name (Imam Muhammed Al-Mahdi), his title is my title, he is Muhammad Ibn Al-Hassan ibn Ali. He is the one who will conquer the easts of the earth and its wests by his hands. He is the one who will stay in occultation from his friends in which non will stay firm on the belief of his leadership (imamate) except the one whom God has tested (refined) his heart for faith”
[Sunni Reference : Yanabee’ Al-Mawwada, Vol 3, page 398-399 By The Sunni Hanafi Scholar : Al-Qanduzi Al-Hanafi]
The Great Shafi’i Scholar Al-Hamawayni
Also, the great Shafi’i scholar Al-Hamawayni record in his book : Fara’id As-Simtayn, volume 2, page 133-134 :
و قال أبو جعفر[محمد بن]عليّ بن بابويه :أخبرني أبو المفضّل محمد بن عبد اللّه بن عبد المطّلب الشيباني عن أحمد بن مطرف بن سوار بن الحسين القاضي الحسني بمكّة،أنبأنا أبو حاتم المهلّبي المغيرة بن محمد قال:أنبأنا عبد الغفّار ابن كثير الكوفي،عن هيثم بن حميد،عن أبي هاشم،عن مجاهد: عن ابن عباس-رضي اللّه عنه-قال: قدم يهودي على رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه و سلم يقال له:نعثل،فقال له:يا محمد إنّي أسألك عن أشياء تلجلج في صدري منذ حين فإن أجبتني عنها أسلمت على يدك.قال:سل يا أبا عمارة.قال:يا محمد صف لي ربّك.فقال عليه السلام:إن الخالق لا يوصف إلاّ بما وصف به نفسه، و كيف يوصف الخالق الذي يعجز الأوصاف أن يدركه،و الأوهام أن تناله و الخطرات أن تحدّه،و الأبصار الإحاطة به،جلّ عمّا يصفه الواصفون. نأى في قربه،و قرب في نأيه.كيّف الكيف فلا يقال له كيف،و أيّن الأين فلا يقال له أين،هو منقطع الكيفوفيّة و الأينونيّة. فهو الواحد الصمد كما وصف نفسه،و الواصفون لا يبلغون نعته،لم يلد و لم يولد و لم يكن له كفوا أحد. قال:صدقت يا محمد فأخبرني عن قولك:«إنّه واحد لا شبيه له»أ ليس اللّه تعالى واحدا و الإنسان واحد؟فوحدانيّته قد أشبهت وحدانية الإنسان؟!.
فقال عليه السلام:اللّه تعالى واحد أحديّ المعنى و الإنسان واحد ثنائي المعنى: جسم و عرض و بدن و روح و إنما التشبيه في المعاني لا غير.
قال:صدقت يا محمد فأخبرني عن وصيّك من هو؟ فما من نبيّ إلا و له وصيّ، و إنّ نبيّنا موسى بن عمران أوصى إلى يوشع بن نون. فقال:نعم إن وصيّي و الخليفة من بعدي عليّ بن أبي طالب عليه السلام و بعده سبطاي:الحسن ثم الحسين يتلوه تسعة من صلب الحسين أئمة أبرار. قال:يا محمد فسمّهم لي.قال:نعم إذا مضى الحسين فابنه عليّ فإذا مضى عليّ فابنه محمد،فإذا مضى محمد فابنه جعفر،فإذا مضى جعفر فابنه موسى،فإذا مضى موسى فابنه عليّ،فإذا مضى عليّ فابنه محمد ثم ابنه عليّ ثم ابنه الحسن ثمّ الحجّة ابن الحسن،فهذه اثنا عشر أئمة عدد نقباء بني إسرائيل.
قال:فأين مكانهم من الجنّة؟ قال:معي في درجتي.قال:أشهد أن لا إله إلاّ اللّه و أنّك رسول اللّه،و أشهد أنهم الأوصياء من بعدك،و لقد وجدت هذا في الكتب المتقدّمة،و فيما عهد إلينا موسى بن عمران أنّه إذا كان آخر الزمان يخرج نبيّ يقال له: أحمد خاتم الأنبياء لا نبيّ بعده،فيخرج من صلبه أئمة أبرار عدد الأسباط.
قال:فقال:يا أبا عمارة أتعرف الأسباط؟قال:نعم يا رسول اللّه إنّهم كانوا اثني عشر أوّلهم لاوي بن برخيا و هو الذي غاب عن بني إسرائيل غيبة طويلة ثمّ عاد فأظهر اللّه[به]شريعته بعد دراستها و قاتل قرشطيا الملك حتى قتله.
فقال عليه السلام:كائن في أمّتي ما كان في بني إسرائيل حذو النعل بالنعل و القذّة بالقذّة و أنّ الثاني عشر من ولدي يغيب حتى لا يرى ويأتي على أمتي زمن لا يبقى من الإسلام إلا اسمه و[لا]من القرآن إلا رسمه فحينئذ يأذن اللّه تعالى[له]بالخروج فيظهر الإسلام و يجدّد الدين.ثم قال عليه السلام:طوبى لمن أحبّهم و الويل لمبغضهم، و طوبى لمن تمسّك بهم. فانتفض نعثل و قام بين يدي رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه و سلم و أنشأ يقول:
.صلّى العليّ ذو العلى عليك يا خير البشر. أنت النبيّ المصطفى و الهاشميّ المفتخر . بكم هدانا ربنا و فيك نرجو ما أمر. و معشر سمّيتهم أئمة اثني عشر حباهم ربّ العلى ثمّ صفاهم من كدر .قد فاز من والاهم و خاب من عادى الزهر. آخرهم يشفي الظما و هو الإمام المنتظر. عترتك الأخيار لي و التابعون ما أمر.من كان عنهم معرضا فسوف يصلى بالسقر
Ibn Abbas narrates : ‘A Jewish man named Na’thal came to the Prophet and said, “O’ Muhammad, I want to ask you about issues that my heart have been stumbling upon for a long time, and if you give me an answer I will accept Islam”, so the Prophet said, “Ask O’ Abu Amara” ….. the Jewish man asked, “tell me, who is your successor? There has never been a Prophet that has never had a successor, and our Prophet Musa ibn Imran made Jusha’ Ibn Nun his successor”, and so the Prophet said, “My successor is Ali ibn Abi Talib (The First Imam), and after him my two sons Al-Hassan (The Second Imam) and Al-Hussain (The Third Imam), and then there will be 9 righteous successors from the line of Al-Hussain”, so the Jewish man said “O’ Muhammad, tell me their names”, the Prophet replied “When Hussain dies, then it is his son Ali (The 4th Imam Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin), and then if Ali dies then it is his son Muhammad (5th Imam Muhammad Ibn Ali Al-Baqir), then if Muhammad dies it is his son Ja’far (The 6th Imam Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad Aṡ-Ṣādiq), then if Ja’far dies it is his son Musa (The 7th Imam Mūsa Ibn Ja‘far Al-Kādhim), then if Musa dies it is his son Ali (The 8th Imam Alī Ibn Mūsā ar-Riḍhā), then if Ali dies it is his son Muhammad (The 9th Imam Muhammad ibn ‘Ali Al-Taqi Al-Jawad), then if Muhammad dies then it is his son Ali (The 10th Imam Ali Ibn Muhammad Al-Naqi Al-Hadi), if Ali dies then it is his son Hassan (The 11th Imam Hassan Ibn Ali Al-Askari), and if he dies it is Imam Muhammad Al Mahdi (the 12th Imam), and therefore they are twelve”, the same number as the Nuqabah (leaders) of Bani Israel [Qur’an 5:12] [Genesis 17:20]. The Jew then asked him (The Prophet), Where is their place in Paradise? The Prophet (saw) said : They are with me, on the same level of Paradise.Then the Jewish man said, “I bear witness that there is no God but Allah, and that Muhammad is his messenger, and that these are your successors. In our ancient books, Musa Bin Imran promised us that at the end of time a prophet will come: he will be called “Ahmad,the last of the prophets”, there is no prophet after him..’ :
[Behold my servant, (Ahmd אחמד ) Ahmed, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations : Isaiah 42:1]
[His mouth is sweetness itself; he is Muhammad-im (the praised one, lovely one) in every way. This is my beloved and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem. : Solomon 5:16]…
(Note : that the Holy Qur’an also confirms this : And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.”[61:6] )
[Fara’id al-Simtayn vol.2 page 133-134]
Fara’id al-Simtayn is a hadith collection by the Sunni scholar Ibrahim b Muhammad b Himaway al Hamawayni , who died in 1322 AD (722 AH). He was born in 644 AH or 1246 CE.]
Al-Dhahabi has praised him (Al-Hamawayni) in his book Tadhkirat al-huffaz and said :
” I heard (hadith) from the superior, the most perfect Imam and Muhadith, pride of Islam; Sadr al-deen Ibrahim bin Muhammad Al-Mouayed bin Hamweh Al-Khurasani Al-Juwayni, the Sheikh of Sufis, he came to us to obtain hadith and he narrated for us from two men who were Al-Muayed Al-Tusi’s companions, he (Hamawayni) was too careful in obtaining the traditions, he was a good reciter, good looking, magisterial, pious and through him Ghazan the king converted to Islam, he died in year 722 AH in the age of 78. May Allah have mercy on him. “
[Sunni Reference : Tadhkirat al-Huffaz, By Al-Dhahabi,Volume 4, page 1500]
Al-Khawarizmi Al-Hanafi has narrated a similar hadith in His book “Maqtal Al-Hussain”, page 146-147 :
وتارة يذكرهم بأسمائهم، كما ذكر ذلك الخوارزمي الحنفي في كتابه (مقتل الحسين عليه السلام): ٢٣ ـ وذكر ابن شاذان هذا ، حدّثنا أحمد بن محمّد بن عبد الله الحافظ ، حدّثني عليّ بن عليّ بن سنان الموصلي ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن صالح ، عن سلمان بن محمد ، عن زياد بن مسلم ، عن عبد الرحمن بن يزيد بن جابر ، عن سلامة ، عن أبي سلمى ـ راعي إبل رسول الله صلىاللهعليهوآله قال : سمعت رسول الله صلىاللهعليهوآله يقول : «ليلة اسري بي إلى السماء ، قال لي الجليل جلّ وعلا : (آمَنَ الرَّسُولُ بِما أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ رَبِّهِ) البقرة / ٢٨٥ ، قلت : والمؤمنون ، قال : صدقت يا محمّد! من خلفت في امتك؟ قلت : خيرها ، قال : علي بن أبي طالب؟ قلت : نعم ، يا ربّ! قال : يا محمّد! إنّي اطلعت إلى الأرض اطلاعة فاخترتك منها فشققت لك اسما من أسمائي ، فلا أذكر في موضع إلّا ذكرت معي ، فأنا المحمود وأنت محمّد.ثم اطلعت الثانية فاخترت عليّا وشققت له اسما من أسمائي ، فأنا الأعلى وهو عليّ ، يا محمّد! إنّي خلقتك ؛ وخلقت عليّا ؛ وفاطمة ؛ والحسن ؛ والحسين ؛ والأئمة من ولده ، من سنخ نور من نوري ، وعرضت ولايتكم على أهل السّماوات وأهل الأرض ، فمن قبلها كان عندي من المؤمنين ، ومن جحدها كان عندي من الكافرين.يا محمّد! لو أنّ عبدا من عبيدي عبدني حتى ينقطع أو يصير كالشن البالي ، ثمّ أتاني جاحدا لولايتكم ما غفرت له حتّى يقرّ بولايتكم.يا محمّد! أتحب أن تراهم؟ قلت : نعم ، يا ربّ ، فقال لي : التفت عن يمين العرش ، فالتفت فإذا أنا : بعليّ ؛ وفاطمة ؛ والحسن ؛ والحسين ؛ وعليّ ابن الحسين ؛ ومحمّد بن عليّ ؛ وجعفر بن محمّد ؛ وموسى بن جعفر ؛ وعليّ بن موسى ؛ ومحمّد بن علي ؛ وعليّ بن محمّد ؛ والحسن بن عليّ ؛ والمهدي ، في ضحضاح من نور قياما يصلّون وهو في وسطهم ـ يعني المهدي ـ كأنه كوكب دري.قال : يا محمّد! هؤلاء الحجج وهو الثائر من عترتك ، وعزّتي وجلالي ، إنه الحجة الواجبة لأوليائي والمنتقم من أعدائي».
[مقتل الحسين 1: 146-147]
Muwaffaq b. Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Makki al-Khwarizmi known as Akhtab Khwarizmi (b. 484/1091 – d. 568/1172) was a Hanafi Sunni jurist, Muhaddith , lecturer, literate, historian and poet in sixth/twelfth century.
Maqtal al-Ḥusayn (a) (Arabic: مَقتَلُ الحُسَین), known as Maqtal al-Khwārizmī (Arabic: مقتل الخوارزمی) is a book written by Muwaffaq b. Ahmad al-Khwarizmi (d. 568/1172-73), a sunni scholar. Although the book is called “maqtal” (which refers to books concerned with how Imam al-Husayn (a) was martyred), a considerable part of it as well as its epilogue are concerned with Imam al-Husayn’s (a) Uprising and the Event of Karbala. The book is hadith-centered and chains of narrations of hadiths are also mentioned. Although the author is a Sunni scholar, his accounts are considered by many Shiite scholars.
The Great Sunni Scholar Ibn Abi Al-Fawares (born 338 A.H and died 412 A.H) has also narrated a similar hadith in his book “40 hadiths”, page 101-103 :
:أخبرنا محمود بن محمد الهروي بقريته في جامعها في سلخ ذي الحجة ۱۰ سنة ۱۱ … ۱۲ قال : أخبرنا أبو عبد اللّه محمد بن أحمد بن عبد اللّه ، عن سعيد بن عبد اللّه ، عن عبد اللّه ۱۳ بن جعفر الحميري قال : حدّثني ۱۴ محمد بن عيسى الأشعري ، عن أبي حفص أحمد بن نافع البصري قال : حدّثنى أبي وكان خادماً للإمام أبي الحسن علي بن موسى الرضا عليهما السلام ۱۵ عنه عليه السلام أنّه ۱۶ قال : حدّثني أبي العبد الصالح موسى بن جعفر قال : حدّثني أبي جعفر بن محمد ۱۷ الصادق قال : حدّثني أبي باقر علم الأنبياء محمد بن علي قال : حدّثني أبي سيد العابدين علي بن الحسين قال : حدّثني أبي سيد الشهداء الحسين بن علي قال : حدّثني أبي سيد الأوصياء علي بن أبي طالب صلوات اللّه وسلامه عليهم اجمعين قال ۱۸ : قال لي أخي رسول اللّه صلى الله عليه و آله:
من أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه عزّوجلّ وهو مقبل عليه غير معرض عنه [فليتولَّ] ۱۹ عليّاً عليه السلام ، ۱ ومن سرّه أن يلقى اللّه عزّوجلّ وهو راض عنه ۲ ] فليتولَّ [ابنك الحسن ۳ ، ومن أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه ولاخوف عليه ]فليتولَّ] ابنك الحسين ۴ و من أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه وقد تمحّص عنه ذنوبه [فليتولَّ] علي بن الحسين ۵ فإنّه كما قال اللّه «سيماهم في وجوهم من أثر السجود» ۶ ، ومن أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه عزّوجلّ وهو قرير العين [فليتولَّ ]محمد بن علي ۷ ، ومن أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه فيعطيه كتابه بيمينه [فليتولَّ] جعفر بن محمد الصادق ۸ ، ومَن أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه طاهراً مطهّراً ۹ ] فليتولَّ [موسى بن جعفر النور الكاظم ۱۰ ، ومَن أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه وهو ضاحك ]فليتولَّ [علي بن موسى الرضا ۱۱ ، ومن أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه وقد رفعت درجاته وبدّلت سيّئاته حسنات ]فليتولَّ] ابنه [محمداً] ۱۲، من أحبّ أَنْ يلقى اللّه عزوجلّ فيحاسبه حساباً يسيراً ويدخله جنة عرضها السموات والأرض أعدّت للمتقين [فليتولَّ ابنه عليّاً] ۱۳ ومن احبّ أن يلقى اللّه عزّوجلّ وهو من الفائزين [فليتولَّ] ابنه الحسن العسكري ۱۴ ، ومن أحبّ أن يلقى اللّه عزّوجلّ وقد كمل إيمانه وحسن إسلامه [فليتولَّ] ۱ ابنه المنتظر [محمداً] ۲ صاحب الزمان المهدي . فهؤلاء مصابيح الدجى وأئمة الهدى ۳ وأعلام التقى ، فمن أحبّهم وتولاّهم كنت ضامناً له على اللّه الجنة. ۴
[أربعون حديثاً في فضائل أميرالمؤمنين لابن أبي الفوارس (ع) – صفحه 101-103]
In the same book, page 88, The Great Sunni Scholar Ibn Abi Al-Fawares says that he has only narrated authentic and evident hadiths and that he would never lie about the Prophet (saw) and he inserted this hadith in page 88: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Whoever tells lies about me intentionally, let him take his place in Hell.” :
وإنّما ملتُ إلى تفضيلهم بعد أن ۴ تقدّمت مذاهبنا فعرفتها ، وبان لي الحقيقة فقبلتها ، وتبيّنت الطريقة فسلكتها ، بالشواهد اللائحة والأخبار الصحيحة الواضحة ، ونبّأت بها عن الثقات وأهل الورع والديانات ، وكذلك أدّيناها حسبما رويناه .
قال رسول اللّه صلى الله عليه و آله : من كذب عليّ متعمّداً فليتبوّأ مقعده من النار
[أربعون حديثاً في فضائل أميرالمؤمنين لابن أبي الفوارس (ع) – صفحه 88]
The Calamity of Thursday : The day Omar deliberately tried to prevent the Prophet (saw) from writing down the names of his 12 successors.
Narrated ‘Ubaidullah bin `Abdullah: Ibn `Abbas said, “When the ailment of the Prophet (ﷺ) became worse, he said, ‘Bring for me (writing) paper and I will write for you a statement after which you will not go astray.’ But `Umar said, ‘The Prophet is seriously ill, and we have got Allah’s Book with us and that is sufficient for us.’ But the companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) differed about this and there was a hue and cry. On that the Prophet (ﷺ) said to them, ‘Go away (and leave me alone). It is not right that you should quarrel in front of me.” Ibn `Abbas came out saying, “It was most unfortunate (a great disaster) that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was prevented from writing that statement for them because of their disagreement and noise.
[Sahih al-Bukhari 114]
Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 114
In-book reference : Book 3, Hadith 56
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 1, Book 3, Hadith 114 (deprecated numbering scheme)
وَحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، وَعَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، – قَالَ عَبْدٌ أَخْبَرَنَا وَقَالَ ابْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، – أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا حُضِرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَفِي الْبَيْتِ رِجَالٌ فِيهِمْ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” هَلُمَّ أَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ كِتَابًا لاَ تَضِلُّونَ بَعْدَهُ ” . فَقَالَ عُمَرُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ غَلَبَ عَلَيْهِ الْوَجَعُ وَعِنْدَكُمُ الْقُرْآنُ حَسْبُنَا كِتَابُ اللَّهِ . فَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْبَيْتِ فَاخْتَصَمُوا فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ قَرِّبُوا يَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كِتَابًا لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ . وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ مَا قَالَ عُمَرُ . فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرُوا اللَّغْوَ وَالاِخْتِلاَفَ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” قُومُوا ” . قَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ فَكَانَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَقُولُ إِنَّ الرَّزِيَّةَ كُلَّ الرَّزِيَّةِ مَا حَالَ بَيْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبَيْنَ أَنْ يَكْتُبَ لَهُمْ ذَلِكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنِ اخْتِلاَفِهِمْ وَلَغَطِهِمْ .
Ibn Abbas reported: When Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was about to leave this world, there were persons (around him) in his house, ‘Umar b. al-Khattab being one of them. Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) said:Come, I may write for you a document; you would not go astray after that. Thereupon Umar said: Verily Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) is deeply afflicted with pain. You have the Qur’an with you. The Book of Allah is sufficient for us.Those who were present in the house differed. Some of them said: Bring him (the writing material) so that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) may write a document for you and you would never go astray after him. And some among them said what ‘Umar had (already) said.When they indulged in nonsense and began to dispute in the presence of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), he said: Get up (and go away) ‘Ubaidullah said: Ibn Abbas used to say: There was a heavy loss, indeed a heavy loss, that, due to their dispute and noise. Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) could not write (or dictate) the document for them.
[Sahih Muslim 1637 c]
Reference : Sahih Muslim 1637 c
In-book reference : Book 25, Hadith 31
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 13, Hadith 4016
(deprecated numbering scheme)
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَحْوَلِ، سَمِعَ سَعِيدَ بْنَ جُبَيْرٍ، سَمِعَ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ ـ رضى الله عنهما ـ يَقُولُ يَوْمُ الْخَمِيسِ، وَمَا يَوْمُ الْخَمِيسِ ثُمَّ بَكَى حَتَّى بَلَّ دَمْعُهُ الْحَصَى. قُلْتُ يَا أَبَا عَبَّاسٍ، مَا يَوْمُ الْخَمِيسِ قَالَ اشْتَدَّ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَجَعُهُ فَقَالَ ” ائْتُونِي بِكَتِفٍ أَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ كِتَابًا لاَ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ أَبَدًا ”. فَتَنَازَعُوا وَلاَ يَنْبَغِي عِنْدَ نَبِيٍّ تَنَازُعٌ فَقَالُوا مَا لَهُ أَهَجَرَ اسْتَفْهِمُوهُ. فَقَالَ “ ذَرُونِي، فَالَّذِي أَنَا فِيهِ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا تَدْعُونِي إِلَيْهِ ـ فَأَمَرَهُمْ بِثَلاَثٍ قَالَ ـ أَخْرِجُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ مِنْ جَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِ، وَأَجِيزُوا الْوَفْدَ بِنَحْوِ مَا كُنْتُ أُجِيزُهُمْ ”. وَالثَّالِثَةُ خَيْرٌ، إِمَّا أَنْ سَكَتَ عَنْهَا، وَإِمَّا أَنْ قَالَهَا فَنَسِيتُهَا. قَالَ سُفْيَانُ هَذَا مِنْ قَوْلِ سُلَيْمَانَ.
Narrated Sa`id bin Jubair: that he heard Ibn `Abbas saying, “Thursday! And you know not what Thursday is? After that Ibn `Abbas wept till the stones on the ground were soaked with his tears. On that I asked Ibn `Abbas, “What is (about) Thursday?” He said, “When the condition (i.e. health) of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) deteriorated, he said, ‘Bring me a bone of scapula, so that I may write something for you after which you will never go astray. ‘The people differed in their opinions although it was improper to differ in front of a prophet, They said, ‘What is wrong with him? Do you think he is delirious? Ask him (to understand). The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, ‘Leave me as I am in a better state than what you are asking me to do.’ Then the Prophet (ﷺ) ordered them to do three things saying, ‘Turn out all the pagans from the Arabian Peninsula, show respect to all foreign delegates by giving them gifts as I used to do.’ ” The sub-narrator added, “The third order was something beneficial which either Ibn `Abbas did not mention or he mentioned but I forgot.’
[Sahih al-Bukhari 3168]
Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 3168
In-book reference : Book 58, Hadith 10
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 53, Hadith 393
(deprecated numbering scheme)
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَحْوَلِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، قَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ يَوْمُ الْخَمِيسِ وَمَا يَوْمُ الْخَمِيسِ اشْتَدَّ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَجَعُهُ فَقَالَ ” ائْتُونِي أَكْتُبْ لَكُمْ كِتَابًا لَنْ تَضِلُّوا بَعْدَهُ أَبَدًا ”. فَتَنَازَعُوا، وَلاَ يَنْبَغِي عِنْدَ نَبِيٍّ تَنَازُعٌ، فَقَالُوا مَا شَأْنُهُ أَهَجَرَ اسْتَفْهِمُوهُ فَذَهَبُوا يَرُدُّونَ عَلَيْهِ. فَقَالَ ” دَعُونِي فَالَّذِي أَنَا فِيهِ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا تَدْعُونِي إِلَيْهِ ”. وَأَوْصَاهُمْ بِثَلاَثٍ قَالَ ” أَخْرِجُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ مِنْ جَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِ، وَأَجِيزُوا الْوَفْدَ بِنَحْوِ مَا كُنْتُ أُجِيزُهُمْ ”. وَسَكَتَ عَنِ الثَّالِثَةِ، أَوْ قَالَ فَنَسِيتُهَا.
Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Thursday! And how great that Thursday was! The ailment of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) became worse (on Thursday) and he said, fetch me something so that I may write to you something after which you will never go astray.” The people (present there) differed in this matter, and it was not right to differ before a prophet. Some said, “What is wrong with him ? (Do you think ) he is delirious (seriously ill)? Ask him ( to understand his state ).” So they went to the Prophet (ﷺ) and asked him again. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Leave me, for my present state is better than what you call me for.” Then he ordered them to do three things. He said, “Turn the pagans out of the ‘Arabian Peninsula; respect and give gifts to the foreign delegations as you have seen me dealing with them.” (Sa`id bin Jubair, the sub-narrator said that Ibn `Abbas kept quiet as rewards the third order, or he said, “I forgot it.”)
[Sahih al-Bukhari 4431]
Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 4431
In-book reference : Book 64, Hadith 453
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 5, Book 59, Hadith 716
(deprecated numbering scheme)
عن جابر ان النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم دعا عند موته بصحيفة ليكتب فيها كتابا لا يضلون بعده قال فخالف عليها عمر بن الخطاب حتى رفضها
Narrated by Jabir : that the Prophet (saw) asked, when his death was approaching, for a paper to write something on it that will cause them not to be misguided after him. He said : So,Omar opposed (disagreed with) it (the command of the Prophet saw) until the Prophet rejected it (and said go away and leave me alone).
[Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Volume 3, Page : 346]
عن جابر ان رسول الله (ص) دعا عند موته بصحيفة ليكتب فيها كتابا لا يضلون بعده ولا يضلون. و كان في البيت لغط و تكلم عمر أبن الخطاب فرفضها رسول الله (ص).
Narrated by Jabir: that The Messenger(saw) asked, when his death was approaching, for a paper to write something on it that will cause them not to be misguided after him or misguide, and voices were raised in the house and Omar spoke, so the Messenger(saw) rejected it (the paper).
[Musnad Abu Ya’la, vol 3, page 394-395 #1871]
Omar knew that the Prophet (saw) would write down 12 successors and that he (omar) was not one of the 12 successors whom the Prophet (saw) would write down.
As we see, it is clear that Omar wanted to prevent the Prophet (saw) from writing down the names of the 12 imams / caliphs. The interesting thing is that the two main who narrated and witnessed what the Prophet (saw) said when he mentioned who his 12 successors are, are the two same persons who narrated the event of the calamity of Thursday. These two person are Ibn Abbas (in Fara’id) and Jabir Ibn Abdullah (in Yanabi ‘Al-Mawwadah). These two persons were the same two persons who narrated what happened on the calamity of Thursday, because these two knew what the Prophet (saw) would write and they knew that the Prophet (saw) would write down his 12 successors, from Imam Ali (as) to Imam Al-Mahdi (as). Otherwise, Omar and his companions would never oppose the order of the Prophet (saw). But Omar knew that he would not be one of the 12 successors whom the Prophet (saw) would write down. The reason why the names of the 12 imams (as) are not scattered in all hadith books is due to Omar’s behavior in front of the Prophet (saw) at his deathbed that led to the calamity of Thursday.
Omar disobeyed the Prophet (saw), went against him and said that he was delirious and that the Qur’an was sufficient for the Muslims, and Omar hurt the Prophet (saw) and gave his own opinion in front of the best human creation of God, and this is the punishment for what Omar did:
إِلَّا بَلَاغًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِسَالَاتِهِ ۚ وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَإِنَّ لَهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا
I only deliver [what I receive] from God- only His messages.’ And Whoever disobeys God and His Messenger will have Hell’s Fire as his permanent home
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَعَنَهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالأَخِرَةِ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ عَذَاباً مُّهِيناً
“Indeed, Those who annoy Allah and His Messenger, Allah has cursed them in this world and the Hereafter, and He has prepared for them a humiliating punishment.”
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُقَدِّمُوا بَيْنَ يَدَيِ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ ۖ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ (1) يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَرْفَعُوا أَصْوَاتَكُمْ فَوْقَ صَوْتِ النَّبِيِّ وَلَا تَجْهَرُوا لَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ كَجَهْرِ بَعْضِكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ أَن تَحْبَطَ أَعْمَالُكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تَشْعُرُونَ (2)
O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves] before Allah and His Messenger but fear Allah . Indeed, Allah is Hearing and Knowing. O you who have believed, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet or be loud to him in speech like the loudness of some of you to others, lest your deeds become worthless while you perceive not.
Note : Verse 49: 2 was revealed about Abu Bakr and Omar [Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Hadith 3576] when they raised their voices in front of the Prophet (saw), and they continued to raise their disrespectfulness in front of the Prophet (saw) at his deathbed and after his demise.
What do the great Sunni scholars say about the Calamity of Thursday?
اختلف العلماء في الذي أراد أن يكتب لهم على وجهين : أحدهما : أنه أراد أن ينص على الخليفة بعده . والثاني : أن يكتب كتابا في الأحكام يرتفع معه الخلاف ، والأول أظهر
(كشف المشكل من حديث الصحيحين لابن الجوزي، ج2، ص315)
Ibn Al-Jawzi in his book “Kashf Al-Mushkel min Hadith As-Sahihayn, Volume 2, Page 315, he has commented on the Hadith of the Calamity of Thursday: and Ibn Al-Jawzi said that the scholars have disagreed on what the Prophet (saw) wanted to write down, and that there are two opinions:
1. that he wanted to write down and specify the name of the caliph after him,
2. and the second opinion : that the Prophet (saw) wanted to write down the Islamic rules so that disagreements would not exist in Ummah, and Ibn Al-Jawzi said that the 1st opinion is more apparent and that the 1st opinion is stronger, clearer and more evident.
واختلف في المراد بالكتاب ، فقيل : كان أراد أن يكتب كتابا ينص فيه على الأحكام ليرتفع الاختلاف ، وقيل : بل أراد أن ينص على أسامي الخلفاء بعده حتى لا يقع بينهم الاختلاف
(فتح الباري بشرح صحيح البخاري للعسقلاني،ج1، ص365)
Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalani
Ibn Hajar Al-‘Asqalani in his book Fath Al-Bari Bi-Sharh Sahih Al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Page 365, also said: that there were disagreements between the scholars about what the Prophet (saw) wanted to write down and that there were two Opinions:
1. that he wanted to write down the Islamic rulings so that the differences of opinion disappeared
2. and that the Prophet (saw) wanted to write down the names of the caliphs after him (the caliphs after the Prophet saw are 12 caliphs and all Muslims agree on this) so that no disagreement occurs between them (the companions).
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ الطَّنَافِسِيُّ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” يَكُونُ مِنْ بَعْدِي اثْنَا عَشَرَ أَمِيرًا ” . قَالَ ثُمَّ تَكَلَّمَ بِشَيْءٍ لَمْ أَفْهَمْهُ فَسَأَلْتُ الَّذِي يَلِينِي فَقَالَ قَالَ ” كُلُّهُمْ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ ” . قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ .
Simak bin Harb narrated from Jabir bin Samurah who said ” The Messenger of Allah(s.a.w) said:
‘There will be 12 leaders after me.”‘ He said: “Then he said something that I did not understand. So I asked the one who was next to me, who said that he(s.a.w) had said: ‘All of them are from Quraish.”‘
Grade: Sahih (Darussalam)
[Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2223]
جَابِرَ بْنَ سَمُرَةَ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ “ لاَ يَزَالُ الإِسْلاَمُ عَزِيزًا إِلَى اثْنَىْ عَشَرَ خَلِيفَةً ” . ثُمَّ قَالَ كَلِمَةً لَمْ أَفْهَمْهَا فَقُلْتُ لأَبِي مَا قَالَ فَقَالَ ” كُلُّهُمْ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ ”
It has been narrated on the authority of Jabir b. Samura who said:
I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: Islam will continue to be triumphant until there have been 12 Caliphs. Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said something which I could not understand. I asked my father: What did he say? He said: He has said that all of them (twelve Caliphs) will be from the Quraish.
[Sahih Muslim 1821 d]
رواية مسلم ( أكتب لكم ) بالجزم جوابا للأمر ويجوز الرفع على الاستئناف أي أمر من يكتب لكم كتابا ) فيه النص على الأئمة بعدي أو أبين فيه مهمات الأحكام ( لا تضلوا بعده )
(إرشاد الساري لشرح صحيح البخاري للقسطلاني، ج1، ص 309)
Al-Qastallani in his book Irshād al-Sarī fī Sharḥ al-Bukhārī, Volume 1, page 309, also says : that
1. one of the opinions is that the Prophet (saw) wanted to write down the names of the (12) Imams (as) after him
2. or that he wanted to clarify the importance of the Islamic rulings.
يوم الخميس وما يوم الخمس : معناه : تفخيم أمره في الشدة والمكروه فيما يعتقده ابن عباس ، وهو امتناع الكتاب . أكتب لكم كتابا : قيل : أراد أن ينص على الخلافة في إنسان معين لئلا يقع نزاع وفتن . وقيل : أراد كتابا ( يُعين ) فيه مهمات الأحكام ملخصة ( ليرتفع ) النزاع فيها ، ويحصل الاتفاق على المنصوص عليه…
(الديباج على صحيح مسلم بن الحجاج للسيوطي، ج4، ص231)
As-Suyuti in his book Ad-Dibaj ‘Ale Sahih Muslim bin Al-Hajjaj, Volume 4, Page 231, also says that :
1. One of the opinions is that the Prophet (saw) wanted to write down the name of a specific caliph and human being, so that no conflict or seditions occur among the Sahaba.
2. and the second opinion is that the Prophet (saw) wanted to summarize the importances of the Islamic rulings so that no conflicts occur..
The number of the Caliphs after the Prophet (saw), is the same number as the 12 nuqabah (leaders) of Bani Israel and Prophet Moses (as)
وَلَقَدۡ اَخَذَ اللّٰهُ مِيۡثَاقَ بَنِىۡۤ اِسۡرآءِيۡلَۚ وَبَعَثۡنَا مِنۡهُمُ اثۡنَىۡ عَشَرَ نَقِيۡبًا ؕ وَقَالَ اللّٰهُ اِنِّىۡ مَعَكُمۡؕ لَـئِنۡ اَقَمۡتُمُ الصَّلٰوةَ وَاٰتَيۡتُمُ الزَّكٰوةَ وَاٰمَنۡتُمۡ بِرُسُلِىۡ وَعَزَّرۡتُمُوۡهُمۡ وَاَقۡرَضۡتُمُ اللّٰهَ قَرۡضًا حَسَنًا لَّاُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنۡكُمۡ سَيِّاٰتِكُمۡ وَلَاُدۡخِلَـنَّكُمۡ جَنّٰتٍ تَجۡرِىۡ مِنۡ تَحۡتِهَا الۡاَنۡهٰرُۚ فَمَنۡ كَفَرَ بَعۡدَ ذٰ لِكَ مِنۡكُمۡ فَقَدۡ ضَلَّ سَوَآءَ السَّبِيۡلِ
And Allah had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders (Naqiba). And Allah said, “I am with you. If you establish prayer and give zakah and believe in My messengers and support them and loan Allah a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the soundness of the way.” [5:12]
The concept of number 12 after a Prophet in Islam is very clear. As we all know, Prophet Moses (as) had 12 successors, Prophet Jesus (as) had 12 successors and Prophet Muhammad (saw) had 12 successors, and not 4 as the Sunnis claim.
جاء في المستدرك على الصحيحين بإسناده إلى مسروق أنَّه قال :كنّا جلوساً عند عبد الله يقرؤنا القرآن، فسأله رجل.
فقال :يا أبا عبد الرحمن، هل سألتُم رسولَ الله كم يملك هذه الأمة من خليفة؟
فقال عبد الله :ما سألني عن هذا أحد منذ قدمت العراق قبلك.
فقال :”اثنا عشر، عدد نقباء بني إسرائيل”
المستدرك على الصحيحين ( للحاكم النيسابوري ) ج: 4 ، كتاب : الفتن و الملاحم : 501
The Holy Prophet (saw) was asked about how many caliphs this Ummah will have, and the Prophet (saw) replied: ” 12, the same number as the nuqabah of Bani Israel. “
[Mustadrak Ale As-Sahihayn, Volume 4, Page 501]
و فيه أيضاً عن ( ابن مسعود ) عن رسول الله ( صَلّى اللهُ عليهِ وَآلِهِ وسَلَّمَ ) أنَّه قال :
يكون بعدي من الخلفاء عدة نقباء موسى
المتقي الهندي ، علاء الدين ، كنز العمّال ، ج : 12 ، ح : 33857 ، ص : 33 .
Ibn Mas’ood has also narrated that the Prophet (saw) said:
‘The caliphs that will come after me are the same number as the nuqabah (leaders) after Moses.’
[Kanzul Ummal, Volume 12, Hadith 33857, Page 33]
The designation of the 12 Imams (as) by the Holy Prophet (saw) in Shia hadith books
1. Imam Ali (as)
Kitab Sulaym Ibn Qays which is the earliest/oldest Islamic book pertaining to the collection of hadith, which was composed in the first Islamic century after the demise of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw), also mentions that the Prophet (saw) mentioned his 12 successors by name :
Hadith Al-Thaqalayn The Two Weighty Things and the text of the names of the twelve Imams (as)
حديث الثقلين والنص على أسماء الأئمة الاثني عشر عليهم السلام
قال علي عليه السلام: أنشدكم الله، أتعلمون أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله قام خطيبا – ولم يخطب بعدها – وقال: (يا أيها الناس، إني قد تركت فيكم أمرين لن تضلوا ما تمسكتم بهما:
كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي، فإنه قد عهد إلي اللطيف الخيبر أنهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا علي الحوض)؟
فقالوا: اللهم نعم، قد شهدنا ذلك كله من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله. فقال عليه السلام: حسبي الله.
فقام الاثنا عشر من الجماعة البدريين فقالوا: نشهد أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله حين خطب في اليوم الذي قبض فيه قام عمر بن الخطاب شبه المغضب فقال: يا رسول الله، أكل أهل بيتك؟
فقال: لا ولكن أوصيائي، أخي منهم ووزيري ووارثي وخليفتي في أمتي وولي كل مؤمن بعدي وأحد عشر من ولده، هذا أولهم وخيرهم ثم ابناي هذان – وأشار بيده إلى الحسن والحسين – ثم وصي ابني يسمى باسم أخي علي وهو ابن الحسين، ثم وصي علي وهو ولده واسمه محمد، ثم جعفر بن محمد، ثم موسى بن جعفر، ثم علي بن موسى، ثم محمد بن علي، ثم علي بن محمد، ثم الحسن بن علي، ثم محمد بن الحسن مهدي الأمة. اسمه كاسمي وطينته كطينتي، يأمر بأمري وينهى بنهيي، يملأ الأرض قسطا وعدلا كما ملئت ظلما وجورا. يتلو بعضهم بعضا، واحدا بعد واحد حتى يردوا علي الحوض، شهداء الله في أرضه وحججه على خلقه. من أطاعهم أطاع الله ومن عصاهم عصى الله.
فقام باقي السبعين البدريين ومثلهم من الآخرين فقالوا: ذكرتنا ما كنا نسينا، نشهد أنا قد سمعنا ذلك من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله.
[كتاب سليم بن قيس – تحقيق محمد باقر الأنصاري – الصفحة ٣٠٠]
Ali (a.s) said: “I adjure you all to Allah (zwj), do you know that Rasool Allah (saw) stood up to preach – and he never preached after it – and said: ‘O you people! I am leaving among you all two commands, you will not stray if you attach yourselves to these two – the Book of Allah (swt) and my family, the people of my household, for it has been promised to me by the Kind, the Aware (swt) that these two will never separate until they return to meet at the Fountain?’ They said, ‘Our Allah (zwj), yes, we have heard all of that from Rasool Allah (saw).’
Ali (a.s) said: ‘Allah (swt) is Sufficient for me.’ Twelve from the group of the people of Badr stood up and said, ‘We testify that when Rasool Allah (saw) preached on the day in which he passed away, Umar bin Al-Khattab stood up angrily and said, ‘O Rasool Allah (saw)! All the people of your household?’ He (saw) said: ‘No, but my successors. My brother among them, who is my Vizier, and my inheritor, and my Caliph in my community, and the Guardian of every believer after me, and eleven from his sons (a.s).’
This Ali (as) is the first of them and the best of them, then two of my sons, these two – and indicated by his hand to Al-Hassan (as) and Al-Hussain (as) – then the successors of my son who will be named with the name of my brother Ali (as), and he will be the son of Al-Hussain (as), then the successor of Ali (as) and he is his son and his name is Muhammad (as), then Ja’far ibn Muhammad (as), then Musa ibn Ja’far (as), then Ali bin Musa (as), then Muhammad ibn Ali (as), then Ali ibn Muhammad (as), then Al-Hassan ibn Ali (as), then Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan Al-Mahdi (ajf) of the Ummah.
His (as) name is like my name and his clay is like my clay. He will order what Jesus (a.s) ordered, and prevent what Jesus (a.s) prevented. He will fill the earth with fairness and justice just as it had been filled with inequity and injustice. One of them will rise after the other, one after another until they return to me at the Fountain. They are the witnesses of Allah (zwj) on His earth, and His Proofs over His creatures. The one who obeys them has obeyed Allah (swt), and the one who disobeys them (as) has disobeyed Allah (swt). So the remainder of the seventy people of Badr, and like of them from the later ones stood up and said, ‘You (a.s) have reminded us of what we had forgotten. We testify that we have heard that from Rasool Allah (saw).'”
[Kitab Sulaym bin Qays, investigator Muhammad Baqir Al-Ansari, Page 300]
Kitab Sulaym bin Qays is the oldest Hadith book and it is older than al-Kafi, Sahih al-Bukhari, and the other books on hadith.
The Story of Al-Khidr (as)
عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الْبَرْقِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي هَاشِمٍ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْقَاسِمِ الْجَعْفَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ الثَّانِي ع قَالَ أَقْبَلَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع وَ مَعَهُ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ ع وَ هُوَ مُتَّكِئٌ عَلَى يَدِ سَلْمَانَ فَدَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ الْحَرَامَ فَجَلَسَ إِذْ أَقْبَلَ رَجُلٌ حَسَنُ الْهَيْئَةِ وَ اللِّبَاسِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ فَرَدَّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلَامَ فَجَلَسَ ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَسْأَلُكَ عَنْ ثَلَاثِ مَسَائِلَ إِنْ أَخْبَرْتَنِي بِهِنَّ عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ الْقَوْمَ رَكِبُوا مِنْ أَمْرِكَ مَا قُضِيَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَ أَنْ لَيْسُوا بِمَأْمُونِينَ فِي دُنْيَاهُمْ وَ آخِرَتِهِمْ وَ إِنْ تَكُنِ الْأُخْرَى عَلِمْتُ أَنَّكَ وَ هُمْ شَرَعٌ سَوَاءٌ فَقَالَ لَهُ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع سَلْنِي عَمَّا بَدَا لَكَ قَالَ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الرَّجُلِ إِذَا نَامَ أَيْنَ تَذْهَبُ رُوحُهُ وَ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ كَيْفَ يَذْكُرُ وَ يَنْسَى وَ عَنِ الرَّجُلِ كَيْفَ يُشْبِهُ وَلَدُهُ الْأَعْمَامَ وَ الْأَخْوَالَ فَالْتَفَتَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع إِلَى الْحَسَنِ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ أَجِبْهُ قَالَ فَأَجَابَهُ الْحَسَنُ ع فَقَالَ الرَّجُلُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَ لَمْ أَزَلْ أَشْهَدُ بِهَا وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَ لَمْ أَزَلْ أَشْهَدُ بِذَلِكَ وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ وَصِيُّ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ص وَ الْقَائِمُ بِحُجَّتِهِ وَ أَشَارَ إِلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ لَمْ أَزَلْ أَشْهَدُ بِهَا وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ وَصِيُّهُ وَ الْقَائِمُ بِحُجَّتِهِ وَ أَشَارَ إِلَى الْحَسَنِ ع وَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ الْحُسَيْنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ وَصِيُّ أَخِيهِ وَ الْقَائِمُ بِحُجَّتِهِ بَعْدَهُ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ أَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ الْحُسَيْنِ بَعْدَهُ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ أَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ بِأَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى مُوسَى أَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى أَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ أَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُوسَى وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ بِأَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ بِأَنَّهُ الْقَائِمُ بِأَمْرِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْ وُلْدِ الْحَسَنِ لَا يُكَنَّى وَ لَا يُسَمَّى حَتَّى يَظْهَرَ أَمْرُهُ فَيَمْلَأَهَا عَدْلًا كَمَا مُلِئَتْ جَوْراً وَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُهُ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَمَضَى فَقَالَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ اتْبَعْهُ فَانْظُرْ أَيْنَ يَقْصِدُ فَخَرَجَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ ع فَقَالَ مَا كَانَ إِلَّا أَنْ وَضَعَ رِجْلَهُ خَارِجاً مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ فَمَا دَرَيْتُ أَيْنَ أَخَذَ مِنْ أَرْضِ اللَّهِ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ع فَأَعْلَمْتُهُ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ أَ تَعْرِفُهُ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ أَمِيرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أَعْلَمُ قَالَ هُوَ الْخَضِرُ ع
Aboo Ja`far Al-Thaanee (Imaam Al-Taqee Al-Jawaad) said: “Once Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali عليه السلام came with al-Hassan and al-Husayn and he was holding the hand of Salman for support. He entered the sacred Mosque in Makkah and sat down. Then a good looking and well dressed man came. He offered the greeting of peace to Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali عليه السلام who answered his greetings likewise and he sat down. He then said, “I will ask you three questions. If you would answer them I will acknowledge that the people who have acted against you in the matters of leadership after the Holy Prophet (s.a) they have acted against their own selves. Their actions have taken away peace from them in this world as well in the next life. If it would be otherwise, (you can answer) then you and those people will be the same.” Amir al-Mu’minin`Ali عليه السلام said, “Ask whatever you would like.” He said, “Tell about the man who sleeps. Where does his spirit go?” Tell about the man, how he remembers and forgets? Tell me about the man how do his children become similar to the aunts and uncles?” Amir al-Mu’minin `Ali عليه السلام turned to Al-Hassan and said, “O Aboo Muhammad, answer him.” The narrator has said that Al-Hassan answered his questions. The man then said :
“I testify that there is no lord besides Allah and I continue to testify to this fact. I testify that Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وآله is the Messenger of Allah and I continue to testify to this fact I testify that you are the executor of the will of the Messenger of Allah and that you are the in charge of this task ((Leadership with Divine Authority) with His authorization.” He pointed out to Amir al-Mu’minin عليه السلام with his hand. He then said, “I continue to testify to this fact.” “I testify that you are the executor of his (Amir al-Mu’minin’s عليه السلام will and the in charge of this task ((Leadership with Divine Authority) by His authorization after him (Amir alMu’minin عليه السلام ” He pointed out with his hand to al-Hassan عليه السلام. Then He then said, “I continue to testify to this fact.”
“I testify that al-Husayn ibn `Ali عليه السلام will be the executor of the will of his brother and the in charge of this task ((Leadership with Divine Authority) with His authorization after him.
“I testify in support of `Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام that he will be the in charge of the task of al-Husayn after him.
“I testify that Muhammad ibn `Ali will be the in charge of the task of `Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام after him.
“I testify that Ja‘far ibn Muhammad عليه السلام will be the in charge of the task of Muhammad ibn `Alee عليه السلام.
“I testify that Moosa will be the in charge of the task of Ja‘far ibn Muhammad after him.
“I testify that `Ali ibn Moosa will be in charge of the task of Moosa ibn Ja‘far عليه السلام.
“I testify that Muhammad ibn `Ali عليه السلام will be the in charge of the task of `Ali ibn Moosa عليه السلام after him.
“I testify that `Ali ibn Muhammad will be the in charge of the task of Muhammad ibn `Ali عليه السلام after him.
“I testify that Al-Hassan ibn `Ali عليه السلام will be the in charge of the task of `Ali ibn Muhammad عليه السلام after him.
“I testify in support of a man from the children of al-Hassan who will not be mentioned by his Kunya (father or son of so and so) or his name until he will rise with Divine authority to fill the earth with justice after being filled with injustice.”
I offer you my greeting of peace O Amir al-Mu’minin عليه السلام and pray to Allah to grant you blessings and holiness.” He then stood up and left. Amir al-Mu’minin عليه السلام said, “O Aboo Muhammad follow him and see where went.” Al-Hassan ibn `Ali عليه السلام went out to find out (and came back) and said, “As soon as he stepped out of the Mosque I could not figure out in which direction of the earth of Allah did he disappear. I returned to Amir al-Mu’minin عليه السلام and informed him.” He said, “O Aboo Muhammad, do you know him?” I said, Allah, the Messenger of Allah and Amir al-Mu’minin عليه السلام know best.” He said, “He was al-Khidr عليه السلام “
Grading: Al-Majlisi said : this hadith is Sahih (Authentic) (Mir’aat Al-`Uqool, vol. 6, pg. 203)
[Al-Kafi, By Al-Kulayni, vol. 1, pg. 525 – 526, hadeeth #1]
2. Jabir Ibn Abdullah Al-Ansari (R)
Jabir Ibn Abdullah Al-Ansari (R) has also narrated a similar hadith in Kifayatul Al-Athar by Al-Khazaz Al-Qummi, in page 61 :
وحدثنا محمد بن وهبان، قال حدثنا علي بن الحسين الهمداني، قال حدثنا (3) عبد الله بن سليمان الحضرمي، قال حدثنا الحسن بن سهل الخياط، قال حدثنا سفيان بن عيينة، عن جعفر بن محمد عليهما السلام عن أبيه، عن جابر بن عبد الله الأنصاري، قال
قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم للحسين بن علي عليهما السلام: يا حسين يخرج من صلبك تسعة من الأئمة منهم مهدي هذه الأمة، فإذا استشهد أبوك فالحسن بعده، فإذا سم الحسن فأنت، فإذا استشهدت فعلي ابنك، فإذا مضى علي فمحمد ابنه، فإذا مضى محمد فجعفر ابنه، فإذا مضى جعفر فموسى ابنه، فإذا مضى موسى فعلي ابنه، فإذا مضى علي فمحمد ابنه، فإذا مضى محمد فعلي ابنه، فإذا مضى علي فالحسن ابنه، فإذا (1) مضى الحسن فالحجة بعد الحسن يملأ الأرض قسطا وعدلا كما ملئت جورا وظلما.
مرتبة الحديث : صحيح رجاله ثقات
[كفاية الأثر – الخزاز القمي – الصفحة ٦١]
Al-Khazaz Al-Qummi, narrated Muhammad bin Wahban bin (who said): Narrated ‘Ali bin Al-Hussain Al-Mahdani(who said): Narrated Muhammad bin ‘AbdAllah bin Sulayman Al-Hadhrami (who said): Narrated Al-Hassan bin Sahl Al-Khayat: Narrated Sufyan bin ‘Aymayh, from Ja’far bin Muhamad, from his father, عليهما السلام, from Jabir bin ‘Abdillah رضي الله عنه
And narrated to us ‘Ali ‘bin Al-Hussain bin Mundah(he said) : Narrated to us Abu Muhamad Haroon bin Musa(he said): Narrated to us Muhamad bin Ya’qub Al-Kulayni(he said): Narrated to me Muhammad bin Yahya Al-‘Attar, from Salmah bin Al-Khattab, from Muhammad bin Khalid Al-Taylsy, from Sayf bin ‘Umayrah, and Salih bin ‘Aqabah, from ‘Alqamah bin Muhammad Al-Hadhtrami, from Ja’far Ibn Muhammad عليه السلام: He said:
Jabir said: Allah’s messenger peace be upon him said to Al-Hussain bin ‘Ali: O Hussain! There will come from your lineage 9 Imams. From them the guide(Mahdi) of this Ummah. So when your father is martyred, Al-Hassan comes after him, and when Al-Hassan is poisoned then it’s you, and when you are martyred, then your son ‘Ali, and when ‘Ali leaves, then his son Muhammad, and when Muhammad leaves, then his son Ja’far, and when Ja’far leaves, then his son Musa, and when Musa leaves, then his son ‘Ali, and when ‘Ali leaves, then his son Muhammad, then when Muhammad leaves, then his son ‘Ali, and when ‘Ali leaves, then his son Al-Hassan, then the Hujjah after Al-Hassan, he will fill the earth with justice just as it has been filled with darkness and tyranny.
[Grading: Authentic and all of its narrators are trustworthy.]
[Kifayat Al-Athar by Khazaz Al-Qummi – page 61]
The Hadith Of The Tablet And The Scroll
Sheikh Al-Mahuzi:.. this is a Mustafidh (extensively narrated) Hadeeth, rather its Tawatur is not unlikely, it has been narrated through different and several ways, we mention some of them:
The First Path
Al-Fadl ibn Shazaan: Narrated to us Safwan ibn Yahya from Abi Ayyoub ibn Ziyad Al-Khazzaz from Abi Hamza Al-Thumali from Aboo Khalid Al-Kabuli, who said: I entered upon my master Imam Zainul Abideen (a.s) and found him in a state of weeping while reading a book. I inquired: “May my parents be sacrificed on you, what book is this?” The Imam (a.s) replied: “This book is the copy of the tablet which was gifted to the Holy Prophet (saw) by Allah (swt). It contains the name of Allah (swt), name of His Messenger (saw), Ameer ul-Mo’mineen my paternal uncle, Al-Hassan bin Alee (a.s), name of my father, my name, name of my son Muhammad Al-Baqir (a.s), his son Ja’far Al-Sadiq (a.s), his son Musa Al-Kadhim (a.s), his son Alee Ridha (a.s), his son Muhammad Al-Taqi (a.s), his son Alee Al-Naqi (a.s), his son Hassan Al-Zaki (Askari (a.s)) and his son Al-Hujjah (ajf), the one who will rise (with the sword). He will wreak vengeance from the enemies of God. He will reappear after a long occultation, then reappear and will fill the Earth with Justice and Equality as it was filled with oppression and tyranny.”
Grading of the Hadith: It is Sahih (Authentic) and very strong, its narrators are trustworthy of the great personalities of this creed.
Attestation of the Hadith:
Safwan ibn Yahya: He is Aboo Muhammmad Al-Bajali, the scholars are in consensus on the reliability of whatever is authentic up to him, Al-Najashi says about him: Very very trustworthy, a significant scholar and he had a great position in piety and worship and in abstinence and worship he is the top person of his generation, he died in the year 210 A.H.
Aboo Ayyoub: Ibraheem ibn Ziyad Al-Khazzaz, he is Ibraheem ibn Isa or Uthman, and Ziyad is probably his grandfather, and he is also called: Ibn Abi Ziyad, and he is agreed upon trustworthy. Al-Najashi says: he is trustworthy and owner of a high position.
Aboo Hamza Al-Thumali: He is Thabit ibn Dinar, he is highly trustworthy, Al-Najashi says: Kufi, he is trustworthy, of the specially close companion of Imams (a.s) and trustworthy and trusted in narrations and Hadith, he has been from Abi Abdullah (a.s) saying: “Aboo Hamza in his time is like Salman in his time.”
Aboo Khalid Al-Kabuli: Of the disciples of Imam Zayn Al-Abideen and of his close companions, he is trustworthy and agreed upon, respected person.
The Second Path
Sheikh Al-Kulayni: Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn Al-Hussain from ibn Mahboub from Aboo Al-Jarud from Aboo Ja’far from Jabir ibn Abd Allah Al-Ansari who has said the following: “Once I went to see Fatima (s.a), daughter of the Holy Prophet (saw), and I saw with her a tablet in which the names of the executors of the wills (of Leaders with Divine Authority) from her descendants were written. I then counted them to twelve. The last one’s name was Al-Qa’im (the one who will rise with Divine Authority and power). The name of three of them was Muhammad and the name of another three was Ali.”
Sheikh Al-Sadooq: My father, may God be pleased with him – narrated that Sa’eed ibn Abdullah quoted Muhammad ibn Al-Hussain ibn Abil Khattab, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Mahboub, on the authority of Abil Jarud, on the authority of Abi Ja’far Al-Baqir (a.s), on the authority of Jabir ibn Abdullah Al-Ansari, “I went to see Faatima (s.a) and there was a Tablet in front of her on which the names of the Trustees was inscribed. There were twelve of them with the twelfth one being the Riser (ajf). Three of them were named Muhammad and three of them were named Ali.”
Grading of the Hadith: It is Saheeh (Authentic), its narrators are trustworthy, and it is Mustafidh up to Al-Hassan ibn Mahboub.
Attestation of the Hadith:
Al-Hassan ibn Mahboub: He is Al-Sarrad or Al-Zarrad, Aboo Alee Sheikh this creed in his time, trustworthy, owner of a high position and he is considered as one of the four tenets of his time. Al-Kashshi says that he died in the year 224 A.H., 75 days before the birth of Imam Al-Askari (a.s) and his father used to give him one Dirham for every narration he narrated from Ali ibn Rihaab.
Abul Jaroud: He is Ziyad ibn Mundhir, he is of the companions of Al-Baqir (a.s) and Al-Sadiq (a.s), head of Zaidiyyah and Al-Jaroudiyya is attributed to him, he is rebuked for his belief. He has an Asl (i.e. a book compiled from the narrations of Ahlulbayt (a.s) that Sheikh Al-Sadooq relies on and he authenticates it and trusts it. Sayyed Al-Khoei authenticates him, based on the statement of Sheikh Al-Mufid that he is of the heads of scholars that Halal and Haram and Fatwa and Ahkaam is taken from.
The Third Path
Sheikh Al-Kulayni: Muhammad ibn Yahya and Muhammad ibn Abd Allah have narrated from Abd Allah ibn Ja’far from Al-Hassan ibn Zarif and Alee ibn Muhammad from Salih ibn Aboo Hammad from Bakr ibn Salih from Abd Al-Rahman ibn Salim from Aboo Basir from Aboo Abd Allah (a.s):
Al-Sadooq: Narrated my father and Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan, may Allah (swt) be pleased with them, both of them said: Narrated Sa’ad ibn Abdullah and Abdullah ibn Ja’far Al-Himyari together from Abil Hasan Saleh ibn Abi Hammad and Al-Hassan ibn Dhareef from Bakr ibn Saleh:
He said: And narrated my father and Muhammad ibn Musa ibn Al-Mutawakkil and Muhammad ibn Alee Majilawayh and Ahmad ibn Alee ibn Ibraheem and Al-Hassan ibn Ibraheem ibn Natana and Ahmad ibn Ziyad Al-Hamdani, all of them said: Narrated to us Alee ibn Ibraheem from his father Ibraheem ibn Hashim from Bakr ibn Saleh from Abdul-Rahman ibn Salim from Abi Basir from Abi Abdullah (a.s):
Sheikh Al-Mufid: Muhammad ibn Ma’qal Al-Qarmisini from his father from Abdullah ibn Ja’far Al-Himyari from Al-Hassan ibn Dhareef from Bakr ibn Saleh.
Sheikh Al-Tusi: A group of narrators from Muhamamd ibn Sufyan Al-Bazufi from Ahmad ibn Idrees and Al-Himyari together from Bakr ibn Saleh.
Sheikh Al-Nu’mani: Musa ibn Muhammad Al-Qummi Abul Qasim from Sa’ad ibn Abdullah from Bakr ibn Saleh.
Sheikh Al-Mas’udi: From Abil Hasan Saleh ibn Abi Hammad and Al-Hassan ibn Dhareef together from Bakr ibn Saleh from Abdul-Rahman ibn Salim from Abi Basir from Abi Abdullah (a.s), he (a.s) said: Once, my father said to Jabir ibn Abd Allah Al-Ansari, “I need your help in a certain issue. When do you think it will be convenient for you that we meet privately and I will ask you about it?” He (Jabir) said, “Whenever you like, it will be alright for me.”
One day when they met each other he, recipient of divine supreme covenant, said, “O Jabir, tell me about the tablet that you saw in the hand of my great-great-great grandmother, Faatima (s.a), daughter of the Messenger of Allah (saw). Tell me of what she said to you about the tablet and the writing on it?” Jabir then said, “I ask Allah (swt) to testify (to the truth of what I experienced that day). Once I went to see your great-great-great grandmother, Faatima (s.a), in the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (saw). I congratulated her for the birth of Al-Hussain (a.s), and I saw in her hand a green tablet that I think was made of Emerald (precious gem). I saw on it a white writing that was shining like the colour of the Sun. I then said to her, ‘May Allah (swt) keep my soul and the souls of my parents in service for your cause, O daughter of the Messenger of Allah (saw), what is this tablet?’ She said, ‘This is a tablet that Allah (swt) has given as a gift to His Messenger (saw). In it there is the name of my father, the name of my husband, the names of my two sons and the names of the executors of the wills of my (special) descendents. My father gave it to me as a gift and glad news.'”
Jabir then said, “Your great-great-great grandmother, recipient of divine supreme covenant, then gave the tablet to me. I read it and made a copy of it.” My father then said, “O Jabir, can you show that copy (that you made from the tablet) to me?” He said, “Yes, I can show it to you.” My father went with him to his house and he brought to light a tablet of parchment. He then said, “O Jabir, look carefully at your writing to see how I read it for you.” Jabir then kept looking at his handwriting while my father read and his reading was exactly letter by letter the same as what Jabir had in his copy.
Jabir then said, “I ask Allah to testify to the truth of my words that this is what I saw was written on the tablet: ‘(I begin) in the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. This is a document from Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Wise, for Muhammad (saw), His Prophet, recipient of divine supreme covenant, His light, His ambassador, His barrier (Hijab) and His guide (for people). The trusted Spirit has brought it from the Lord of the worlds. O Muhammad (saw), acknowledge the greatness of My names and pay thanks for My bounties. Do not hide My favours. I Am Allah (swt) and no one deserves to be worshipped and obeyed besides Me. I break down the transgressors and grant wealth to the oppressed. I Am the One Who has established the religion. I Am Allah (swt). No one deserves to be worshipped and obeyed besides Me. Whoever expects to receive any distinction from someone other than Me or have fear of the justice of someone other than Me I will cause him to suffer a torment the like of which I will cause no one else of the creatures of the worlds to suffer. Worship only Me and place your trust only in Me.
I have not sent any prophet without, upon the completion of his days, appointing the executor of his will. I have given preference to you over the prophets and I have given preference to the executor of your will over the executors of the wills (of the other prophets). I have granted you honor through your two brave grandsons, Al-Hassan (a.s) and Al-Hussain (a.s). I have made Al-Hassan (a.s) to be the treasurer of My knowledge after the completion of the time of his father. I have made Al-Hussain (a.s), to be the keeper of My revelation Wahi (inspiration). I have granted him nobility through martyrdom and made his end triumphant. He will be the best of the martyrs and of the highest degree in the rank of the martyrs. I have kept My perfect word with him and My extremely clear authority and proof available for him. Through his descendent I will give good rewards to people or cause them to suffer torments. The first of them will be Alee (ibn Al-Hussain (a.s)), master of the worshippers, and the beauty of My friends of the past. Then will be his son who will be very similar to his grandfather, the praised one, Muhammad Al-Baqir (a.s), the one very deeply founded in My knowledge and the source and mine of My wisdom. Those who have doubts about Ja’far (a.s) will soon be destroyed. Whoever rejects him will be like one who rejects Me. The true words have already come from Me that I will dignify the position of Ja’far (a.s) and will grant him joy and happiness for his followers, supporters and friends. After him Musa (a.s) will live at the time of a blind, confusing and dark mischief. (He will live among the people) because the system of obedience to Me does not break down and my authority (proof of My existence) does not remain obscure. The thirst (for knowledge and guidance) of My friends will be quenched with sufficient measures. Whoever rejects any one of them has rejected my favours. Whoever changes my signs and verses of my book has accused Me with lies. Woe is to those who fabricate lies and reject (the truth) after the completion of the time of Musa (a.s), My servant, My beloved, My chosen one about Alee (Al-Ridha (a.s)). (Alee Al-Ridha (a.s)) who is My wali (the one who possesses Divine Authority), My supporter, the one on whom I will place the task of prophet-hood and examine how he will deal with it. An arrogant devil will murder him. He will be buried in the city built by the virtuous servant (of Allah (swt)) next to the worst of My creatures. The words of truth have already been established that I will grant him joy and happiness with the birth of his son, Muhammad (a.s), his successor and the heir of his knowledge. He is the source and fountainhead of My knowledge, the right place for My secrets and My authority over My creatures. Whoever believes in him I will make paradise his dwelling and will grant him the ability to intercede for seventy people from his family of whom everyone may have become subject to hell-fire. I will make the end for his son, Alee (a.s) to arrive at salvation. Alee (a.s) is My wali (the one who possesses Divine Authority), My supporter, the testimony in My creatures and My trustee in My revelation. From him I will make to come out a preacher to My way and a treasure of My Knowledge, Al-Hassan (a.s). I will complete it with his son (Mahdi (ajf)), a blessing for the worlds. One will be able to find in him the perfection of Musa (Moses (a.s)), the beauty of Jesus (a.s) and the patience of Ayyub (a.s). My friends in his time will become weak. Their heads will be sent as gifts like the heads of the Turks and Daylam. They will be murdered and burned. They will live in fear, frightened and fearful. The earth will be stained with their blood and wailing and lamentations will become widespread in their women. These will possess My authority and through them I will remove the blind and dark mischief. Through them I will remove uncertainties, sufferings and shackles. These are the ones upon whom the blessings and forgiveness of their Lord descend and they are the ones who provide guidance.'”
Abd Al-Rahman ibn Salim has said that Aboo Basir said, “Even if you hear no other Hadith except this, it will be enough for you. Protect it against everyone except the deserving people.”
Grading of Hadith: Reliable, it is trusted upon. It is firm from Bakr ibn Saleh, two trustworthy scholars Al-Hassan Ibn Dhareef and Ibraheem ibn Hashim have narrated it from him, and the scholars have narrated it without weakening the chain of it.
Attestation Of the Hadith:
Bakr ibn Saleh: he is Al-Razi Mawla Bani Dhubba. He narrates from Al-Kadhim (a.s) and he is of the companions of Al-Ridha (a.s) and Al-Jawad (a.s). Sheikh Al-Najashi has weakened him, but Sadooq has considered his book among the famous and reliable books that scholars have relied on and refered to and the chain up to him is Sahih (Authentic),
and he has narrated many narrations in the four major books that are trusted among the Shi’a : as numerous trustworthy narrators and scholars have narrated from him, like the great scholars such as Al-Hussain ibn Sa’eed Al-Ahwazi and the trustworthy Ali ibn Mahziyaar and Sheikh of the scholars of Qum the great trustworthy scholar Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa and the upright and trustworthy Al-Hassan ibn Dhareef, and the weakening of Al-Najashi is based on the weakening of ibn Al-Ghazairi the son, Ahmad ibn Al-Hussain : as reflected from the transmission of Al-Allamah Al-Hilli in Al-Khulasa and the scholars of Rijal do not rely on the weakenings of ibn Al-Ghazairi the son.
In any case, the status of Bakr is that he has not seen Imam Al-Hadi (a.s) and Imam Al-Askari (a.s) and died definitely before the birth of Imam Al-Askari (a.s) and that is what makes us trust that it has really been narrated from the Imams (a.s) because it speaks of the unseen which is not possible except through them (a.s), and the great scholars have narrated this Hadith without attacking its chain. Furthermore, the Hadith of the Tablet has been narrated through other Hasan (Reliable) and Sahih (Authentic) chains as it has been mentioned before and will be mentioned after this.
The Fourth Path
Sheikh Al-Sadooq: And narrated to us Aboo Muhammad Al-Hassan bin Hamza Alawi: Narrated to us Aboo Ja’far Muhammad bin Hussain bin Durust Sarrawi from Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Malik that he said: Narrated to us Muhammad bin Imran Kufi from Abdur Rahman bin Abi Najran; and Safwan bin Yahya from Ishaq ibn Ammar from Abi Abdullah as-Sadiq (a.s) that he said: “O Ishaq, shall I give you a glad tiding?” I said: “Please do, may I be sacrificed on you, O son of Allah’s Messenger (saw).” The Imam (a.s) said: “I saw in the scroll dictated by the Messenger of Allah (saw) and written by Ameer ul-Mo’mineen (a.s) the following:
“In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. This is a Book from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise…and then he narrated the tradition (of the tablet) mentioned above exactly except that at the end there is the sentence:
Then Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s) said: “O Ishaq, this is the religion of the angels and messengers. Protect it from those unworthy of it. May Allah (swt) protect you and reform your children.” Then he said: “One who has recognised this (religion) is safe from the chastisement of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime.”
Grading of the Hadith : It is Sahih (Authentic) through chain exchange.
Attestation Of Hadith:
Because Sheikh Al-Tusi narrates all the books and narrations of Safwan ibn Yahya through a group of narrators from Al-Sadooq from Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan ibn Al-Walid from Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan Al-Saffar and Sa’ad ibn Abdullah and Muhammad ibn Yahya and Ahmad ibn Idrees from Muhammad ibn Al-Hussain ibn Abil Khattab and Ya’qoob ibn Yazid from Safwan and this chain is of the highest reliable chains. So through Al-Fehrist of Sheikh Al-Tusi, another chain is discovered for all books and narrations of Safwan ibn Yahya, and because this chain goes through Sadooq, therefore all the narrations that Sadooq narrates from Safwan have been narrated through this chain too. And this method is called exchange of chains among the scholars of Rijal, and it has many forms and there is dispute about the reliability of some of them and this exchange that we mentioned is of the kind that we can say that it is an agreed upon method. So every narration that Al-Sadooq mentions from Safwan is of the Sahih (Authentic) narrations with the help of this chain that Sheikh Al-Tusi has mentioned.
The Fifth Path
Narrated to us Ali bin Hussain bin Shazawiya Moaddab; and Ahmad bin Harun Al-Qadi – May Allah (swt) be pleased with them – they said: Narrated to us Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Ja’far Himyari from his father from Ja’far bin Muhammad bin Malik Fazari Kufi from Malik Saluli from Durust bin Abdul Hameed from Abdullah bin Qasim from Abdullah bin Jabala from Abi Safatij from Jabir Jofi from Abi Ja’far Muhammad bin Alee Al-Baqir (a.s) from Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari that he said: “One day I came to Lady Faatima (s.a) and before her was a tablet from which an amazing light emanated. There were twelve names in this tablet. Three on the outer side and three on the inner, three in the end and three in one direction. Thus there were twelve names in all. I asked: ‘Whose names are these?’ She (s.a) replied: ‘These are the respected names of successors, the first of whom is my cousin, and eleven shall be from my progeny. The last of them will be Qa’im, bliss of Allah (swt) be on them all.’ Jabir says: ‘I saw the name of Muhammad (saw) at three places and Ali (a.s) at four places.'”
Grading of the Hadith : It can be trusted upon.
Attestation Of Hadith:
Ali ibn Shazawya Al-Moaddab: He is of the Sheikhs of Al-Sadooq and he sends blessings on him very often and this is enough for his trustworthiness. It is correct that sending blessing once or twice is not a proof of trustworthiness and greatness, however when a scholar sends blessings on a narrator of his Sheikhs, it would be considered of the signs of goodness of that narrator and his praiseworthiness. As for those narrators that the great scholars send blessings upon them very often, they are of a very high status.
Ahmad ibn Harun Al-Qadhi: He is also of the Sheikhs of Al-Sadooq and of those upon whom he sends blessings very often.
Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Ja’far Al-Himyari: He is of the great Sheikhs of this creed. Al-Najashi says: He is trustworthy and a great scholar. He has written letters to Sahib Al-Amr (ajf) and has asked him about Islamic rulings.
His father: He is Abdullah ibn Ja’far Al-Himyari, one of the greatest Sheikhs of this creed. He used to exchange letters with the Sahib Al-Amr (ajf). Al-Najashi says: Sheikh of the scholars of Qom and their significant scholar.
Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn Malik Al-Fazari: His praiseworthiness has been mentioned before in the Pg. # 53.
Malik Al-Saluli: He is Hussain Al-Saluli (Al-Sakuni), Al-Fazari narrates from him and Muhammad ibn Sinan. He has not been mentioned in the books of Rijal, so his status is unknown, but because he is of the companions of Imam Al-Sadiq (a.s) and on the level of the Sheikhs of Muhammad ibn Sinan, then he has not met Al-Hadi (a.s) and Al-Askari (a.s), rather he might not have witnessed the time of Al-Jawad (a.s) too, therefore it helps us to trust upon the authenticity of this Hadeeth that it has been narrated truly from the Imams (a.s).
The Sixth Path
Sheikh Al-Sadooq: And narrated to us Abul Abbas Muhammad bin Ibraheem bin Ishaq Taliqani: Narrated to us Hassan bin Ismail: Narrated to us Sa’eed bin Muhammad bin Qattan: Narrated to us Abdullah bin Musa Ruyani Aboo Turab from Abdul Azeem bin Abdullah Hasani from Alee bin Hassan bin Zaid bin Hassan bin Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s) that he said: Narrated to me Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Ja’far from his father from his grandfather that: Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s) summoned together his sons and among them was his uncle Zaid bin Alee also. Then he took out a scroll written in the hand of Alee (a.s) on the dictation of the Messenger of Allah (saw). It was written therein:
“In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. This is a Book from Allah, the Mighty, the Wise…then he narrated the tradition of the Tablet till the words: ‘And they are the guided ones.’ Then at the end he said: Abdul Azeem said: ‘It is amazing and pitiful regarding Muhammad bin Ja’far who campaigned against the Imam (a.s) of the time although he had heard this tradition from his father.’ Then he said: ‘It is the secret of Allah (swt) and His religion and the religion of the angels. So mention it only to those who are worthy.'” And Sheikh Al-Sadooq has several chains to the narrations of Abdul Adhim Al-Hasani.
The Seventh Path
Al-Khazzaz: From Alee ibn Al-Hussain from Muhammad ibn Al-Hussain Al-Kufi from Maysara ibn Abdullah from Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn Abdullah Al-Qurashi from Muhammad ibn Sa’ad Sahib Al-Waqidi from Muhammad ibn Umar Al-Waqidi from Abi Marwan from Abi Ja’far Muhammad ibn Alee (a.s) from Jabir Abdullah Al-Ansari who said: “I entered upon Faatima (s.a) and in her hand was a green tablet…” And mentions the Hadeeth.
The Eighth Path
Sheikh Al-Tusi: Aboo Muhammad Al-Faham who said: narrated to me my uncle from Abul Abbas Ahmad ibn Abdullah ibn Alee Al-Ra’s from Aboo Abdullah Abdul-Rahman ibn Abdullah Al-Umari from Aboo Salama Yahya ibn Al-Mughira from his brother Muhammad ibn Al-Mughira from Muhammad ibn Sinan from our master Abi Abdullah Ja’far ibn Muhammad (a.s) who said: My father said to Jabir ibn Abdullah: “I want to talk to you alone.” Then one day he met him and said: “Tell me about the tablet that you saw in the hand of Faatima (s.a)…” And then mentions the rest of the Hadith.
The Ninth Path
Al-Khazzaz: Narrated to us Al-Hassan ibn Alee from Muhammad ibn Al-Hussain Al-Bazufi from Muhammad ibn Alee ibn Ma’mar from Abdullah ibn Ma’bad from Muhammad ibn Alee ibn Turayf Al-Hajari from Abdul-Rahman ibn Abi Najran from Assam ibn Hamid from Ma’mar from Al-Zuhri who said: I entered upon Alee ibn Al-Hussain (a.s) in his last illness through which he died, then a board was brought to him…then his son Muhammad (a.s) entered upon him and he talked to him for a long time and I heard him say: “Be sure to act with good manners.” I said: “O son of the Messenger of Allah (saw)! If it is of the orders of Allah (swt), then it surely will happen, then to whom should we refer?”
He said: “O Aba Abdullah, to this son of mine,” and he pointed to Muhammad (a.s), his son, “He is my successor and my heir and the inheritor of my knowledge and the mine of patience and the splitter of knowledge.”
I said: “O son of the Messenger of Allah (saw)! What is the meaning of splitter of the knowledge (Baqir Al-Ilm)?”
He said: “The devoted of my Shi’a will gather around him, and he will split the knowledge, such a split.”
Then he sent his son Muhammad (a.s) after something in the street, when Muhammad (a.s) came back, I said: “O son of the Messenger of Allah (saw)! Did you not will it to the eldest son of yours?”
He said: “O Aba Abdullah! The Imamate is not with age and older/younger, it is a covenant to us from the Messenger of Allah (saw), and that is how we found it in the Book and the Tablet.”
I said: “O son of the Messenger of Allah (saw)! Then in your covenant what is the number of the successor after him (saw)?”
He said: “We found in the Book and the Tablet written the Imamate of 12 names with the names of their fathers and mothers.”
He then said: “From the loins of Muhammad (a.s) there will be born seven successors, among them is Al-Mahdi (ajf).
Sheikh Al-Mufid says: And the narrations for those that we mentioned (i.e. the twelve Imams (a.s)) are obvious about their Imamate and miracles and their rights and their truthfulness, through the words of the Prophet (saw) in nominating them in the Hadeeth of the Tablet.
Source: Arba’oon Hadithan Mu’tabaran Fi Al-Nass Ala Al-A’immah Ithna Ashar, By Shaykh Al-Mahuzi. Page : 142 – 155.
3. Ibn Abbas
Ibn Abbas has also narrated a similar hadith where God designates the 12 Imams (as) after the Holy Prophet (saw) :
in Mukhtasar Kifayat Al-Muhtadi Li Ma’rifat Al-Mahdi (as) by Sayyed Muhammad Mir Lawhi Al-Isfahani, in page 71, Hadith #8 :
قال الشيخ الصدوق الجليل الفضل بن شاذان بن الجليل – قدّس الله روحه -: حدّثنا عبد الرحمن بن أبي نجران، قال: حدّثنا عاصم بن حميد، قال: حدّثنا أبو حمزة الثمالي، وقال (رحمه الله): حدّثنا الحسن بن محبوب، قال: حدّثنا أبو حمزة الثمالي، قال: حدّثنا سعيد بن جبير، قال: حدّثنا عبد الله بن عبّاس، قال: قال رسول الله(صلّى الله عليه وآله وسلّم): (لمّا عُرج بي إلى السماء، بلغت سدرة المنتهى، ناداني ربّي جلّ جلاله، فقال: يا محمّد!
فقلت: لبيك لبيك يا ربّ.
قال: ما أرسلت رسولاً فانقضت أيّامه إلاّ أقام بالأمر بعده وصيّه، فأنا جعلت عليّ بن أبي طالب خليفتك وإمام أُمّتك، ثمّ الحسن، ثمّ الحسين، ثمّ عليّ بن الحسين، ثمّ محمّد بن عليّ، ثمّ جعفر بن محمّد، ثمّ موسى بن جعفر، ثمّ عليّ بن موسى الرضا، ثمّ محمّد بن عليّ، ثمّ عليّ بن محمّد، ثمّ الحسن بن عليّ، ثمّ الحجّة بن الحسن.
يا محمّد! ارفع رأسك.فرفعت رأسي، فإذا بأنوار عليّ والحسن والحسين وتسعة أولاد الحسين والحجّة في وسطهم يتلألأ كأنّه كوكب درّي.
فقال الله تعالى: يا محمّد! هؤلاء خلفائي وحججي في الأرض، وخلفاؤك وأوصياؤك من بعدك، فطوبى لمن أحبّهم، والويل لمن أبغضهم
مرتبة الحديث : صحيح رجاله ثقات أجلاء
[مختصر كفاية المهتدي لمعرفة المهدي عليه السلام – السيد محمّد مير لوحي الأصفهاني – : 71 الحديث الثامن]
Peace and Blessings be upon Prophet Muhammad (saw) and his Family (as)
| Amir Zabidi